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The Gansu Survey of Children and Families (GSCF)

Version year: 2015

 

Principal Investigator(s):

Emily Hannum, Department of Sociology, University of Pennsylvania;

Albert Francis Park, Department of Economics, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

 

Webpage:

Gansu Survey of Children & Families

Population Studies Center

University of Pennsylvania

https://china.pop.upenn.edu/

 

 

 

Project information

 

Project description

The Gansu Survey of Children and Families (GSCF) studies children's welfare outcomes in the Gansu province of China. It is a longitudinal, multi-level study which focuses on the children's education, health, and psycho-social development. Data have been collected in 2000, 2004, 2007, 2009 and 2015.

The following issues are the main foci of the study:

•    Children's academic achievement, educational attitudes, behaviors, and experiences, psycho-social development, and physical health
•    Attitudes and practices of children, families, and teachers about parenting and schooling
•    The mechanisms (home, community, school) linking poverty to children's welfare outcomes
•    Rural children's human capital acquisition and subsequent labor outcomes, including migration choices and experiences

 

Search keywords

Academic achievements, children, communities, education, families, Gansu, gender roles, health, households, human capital acquisition, parenting, poverty, psycho-social development, rural areas, schooling, socioeconomic status, welfare

 

Scope of project

Data has been collected in Gansu, China.

Five waves of data have been collected in 2000, 2004, 2007, 2009 and 2015 respectively.

 

Methodology

To study the relationship between social inequality and the development of children, a large-scale longitudinal study was conducted in Gansu, a rural province in China, since 2000.

The sample is composed of 2,000 representative children drawn from the State Statistical Bureau (SSB) census lists. These children were 11 to 14 years old during the first wave in 2000 which was the age to be enrolled in the later grades of elementary schools or in junior high schools. In collaboration with the Gansu Provincial Office of the SSB, interviews and surveys were conducted by the existing census survey data collection personnel and facilities available. Households (including the children and their parents) were interviewed to collect data on the target children. Village leaders were also interviewed to collect information on the economic, demographic and educational circumstances of the communities of the sample individuals. A survey was conducted on all primary and secondary schools and a summary survey was conducted on all teachers in the schools. An extended questionnaire was conducted on homeroom teachers of the target individuals to examine the attitudes and behaviors of the children. Besides, focus-group discussions were carried out among a subset of the sample children, their parents and village teachers to research on attitudes toward education.

The household, school and community data collected in this project were linked backed to the sample children which facilitated the integrated study of poverty and education in China. This method is highly connected to the “resource framework” (Brooks-Gunn et al., 1995) which identified the effects of time, money and emotional resources of parents and institutions and the presence of “social capital” in the communities on the development of the children and adolescents. This framework outlined the approach of the study of the effects of poverty on children’s educational and personal development. This dataset can be used for the generation of important insights for educational policy advancement and welfare provision.

 

Citation

Emily Hannum and Albert Francis Park. Gansu Survey of Children and Families, 2000-2015.

(Please acknowledge the following supporting parties if you have cited this dataset:

The 2015 wave of Gansu Survey of Children and Families was supported by the Hong Kong Research Grants Council (GRF 692713). Earlier waves of data were supported by the United Kingdom Economic and Social Research Council and Department for International Development (ESRC RES- 167-25-0250), The Spencer Foundation Small and Major Grants Programs, The World Bank, and NIH Grants R01TW005930-01 and 5R01TW005930-02.)

 

Remarks

Funding: The 2015 wave of Gansu Survey of Children and Families was supported by the Hong Kong Research Grants Council (GRF 692713). Earlier waves of data were supported by
                the United Kingdom Economic and Social Research Council and Department for International Development (ESRC RES- 167-25-0250), The Spencer Foundation Small and
                Major Grants Programs, The World Bank, and NIH Grants R01TW005930-01 and 5R01TW005930-02.

Contact information:    Emily Hannum
                                       247 McNeil Building
                                       University of Pennsylvania
                                       Sociology Department
                                       3718 Locust Walk
                                       Philadelphia, PA 19104-6299
                                       (215) 898-9633 (phone)
                                       (215) 573-2081 (fax)
                                       hannumem@soc.upenn.edu

 

 

 

Documentation (files)

 

Sampling Documentation
•    Statistics Bureau Sampling Memo (Chinese)
•    Statistics Bureau Sampling Memo (English)
•    Wave 2 Coding Description
•    Wave 4 Coding Description


Training Manuals
•    June 2000 Interviewer Training Manual
•    June 2004 Interviewer Training Manual
•    June 2004 Health Survey Training Manual
•    January 2009 Interviewer Training Manual
•    February 2015 Interviewer Training Manual


Cognitive Achievement Tests
•    Wave 1 (2000) Cognitive Test
•    Wave 4 (2009) Literacy Test


Wave 1 (2000) Questionnaires

Chinese English
•    Child •    Child
•    Mother •    Mother
•    Household •    Household
•    Village Leader •    Village Leader
•    Principal •    Principal
•    Homeroom Teacher •    Homeroom Teacher
•    General Teacher •    General Teacher
•    Supplemental Cards •    Supplemental Cards



Wave 2 (2004) Questionnaires

Chinese English
•    Child •    Child
•    Mother •    Mother
•    Father •    Father
•    Household •    Household
•    Village Leader •    Village Leader
•    Principal •    Principal
•    Homeroom Teacher •    Homeroom Teacher
•    General Teacher •    General Teacher



Health Survey (2004) Questionnaires



Wave 3 (2007) Documentation

Chinese English
•    Child  
•    Mother  
•    Father  
•    Household  
•    County  
•    Village Leader  
•    Principal  
•    School Finance  
•    Homeroom Teacher •    Homeroom Teacher
•    General Teacher •    General Teacher



Wave 4 (2009) Questionnaire

Chinese English
•    Child  



Wave 5 (2015) Questionnaire
 

Chinese English
•    Child  
•    Parents  
•    Village Leader  

 

Data Users Guide

•   Data Users Guide 2015 release

 

 

Data (files)    Restricted access  

Click here to sign the Data Use Application and Agreement Form
 

 

 

Data-related publications

Papers

https://repository.upenn.edu/gansu_papers/

Year Author Title
2016 Jennifer Adams and Emily C. Hannum School violence in China: A multi-level analysis of student victimization in rural middle schools
2015 Huajing He Child labour and academic achievement: Evidence from Gansu Province in China
  Peggy Kong Parenting, Education, and Social Mobility in Rural China: Cultivating dragons and phoenixes
  Jessica Leight and Elaine Liu Maternal bargaining power, parental compensation and non-cognitive skills in rural China
  Jessica Leight, Paul Glewwe, and Albert Park The Impact of Early Childhood Rainfall Shocks on the Evolution of Cognitive and Non-cognitive Skills
  Jessica Leight Sibling Rivalry: Ability and Intrahousehold Allocation in Gansu Province, China
  Li Han Centralized Deployment and Teacher Incentive: Evidence from Reforms in Rural China
  Qihui Chen Ready for school? Impacts of delayed primary school enrollment on children's educational outcomes in rural China
  Tanja Sargent Professional Learning Communities and the Diffusion of Pedagogical Innovation in the Chinese Education System
  Yilin Chiang, Emily C. Hannum, and Grace Kao It’s Not Just about the Money: Gender and Youth Migration from Rural China
2014 Tanja Sargent, Peggy Kong, and Yuping Zhang Home environment and educational transitions on the path to college in rural northwest China
  Yuping Zhang Educational expectations, school experiences and academic achievements: A longitudinal examination
2013 Li Han Is Centralized Teacher Deployment More Equitable? Evidence from Rural China
  Xinzheng Shi Impact of household educational expenditures on the test scores of children
  Hua-Yu Sebastian Cherng and Emily C. Hannum Community Poverty, Industrialization, and Educational Gender Gaps in Rural China
  Lisa Yiu and Jennifer H. Adams Reforming Rural Education: Understanding Teacher Expectations for Rural Youth
  Shannon Davidson and Jennifer H. Adams Adversity and internalizing problems among rural Chinese adolescents The roles of parents and teachers
2012 Emily C. Hannum, Jihong Liu, and Edward Frongillo Poverty, Food Insecurity and Nutritional Deprivation in Rural China: Implications for Children's Literacy Achievement
  Yuping Zhang The Hopes Carry Them On: Early Educational Expectations and Later Educational Outcomes in Rural Gansu, China
  Jennifer H. Adams Identifying the Attributes of Effective Rural Teachers: Teacher Attributes and Mathematics Achievement among Rural Primary School Students in Northwest China
  Jennifer H. Adams and Tanja C. Sargent Curriculum Transformation in China: Trends in Student Perceptions of Classroom Practice and Engagement
  Yilin Chiang, Emily C. Hannum, and Grace Kao Who Goes, Who Stays, and Who Studies? Gender, Migration, and Educational Decisions among Rural Youth in China
  Xinzheng Shi Does an intra-household flypaper effect exist? Evidence from the educational fee reduction reform in rural China
2011 Tanja Carmel Sargent New Curriculum reform implementation and the transformation of educational beliefs, practices, and structures in Gansu province
  Jennifer Jun-Li Chen and Xiaodong Liu The Mediating Role of Perceived Parental Warmth and Parental Punishment in the Psychological Well-Being of Children in Rural China
  Emily Hannum, Xuehui An, and Hua-Yu Sebastian Cherng Examinations and educational opportunity in China: mobility and bottlenecks for the rural poor
  Yuping Zhang Mothers' Educational Expectations and Children's Enrollment: Evidence from Rural China
  Yuping Zhang Influence of Home Environment on Children’s Schooling: From Teacher’s Perspective
2010 Meng Zhao, Yoshifumi Konishi, and Paul Glewwe Does Smoking Make One Dumber? Evidence from Teenagers in Rural China
  Peggy A. Kong To Walk Out: Rural Parents’ Views on Education
  Qihui Chen Why Are Teachers “Overpaid” in Developing Countries? --The Role of the Nature of Educational Production in Teachers’ Labor Markets
  Jessica Leight Ability and Intrahousehold Allocation in Gansu Province, China
  Leng Lee and Albert Park Parental Migration and Child Development in China
2009 Qihui Chen Family Background, Ability and Student Achievement in Rural China –Identifying the Effects of Unobservable Ability Using Famine-Generated Instruments
  Mingxing Liu, Rachel Murphy, Ran Tao, and Xuehui An Education management and performance after rural education finance reform: Evidence from Western China
  Tanja C. Sargent Revolutionizing Ritual Interaction in the Classroom: Constructing the Chinese Renaissance of the 21st Century
  Tanja C. Sargent and Emily C. Hannum Doing More With Less: Teacher Professional Learning Communities in Resource-Constrained Primary Schools in Rural China
  Meng Zhao and Paul Glewwe What determines basic school attainment in developing countries? Evidence from rural China
  Emily Hannum, Tanja Sargent, and Shengchao Yu Poverty, Parental Ill Health and Children’s Access to Schooling in Rural Gansu, China
2008 Haiping Xue and Weifang Min A Study on Educational Production Function in Western Regions of China
  Xuehui An Teacher Career Development and Teaching Incentive in Rural Schools
  Emily Hannum and Yuping Zhang Poverty and Proximate Barriers to Learning: Vision Deficiencies, Vision Correction and Educational Outcomes in Rural Northwest China
  Xue-Hui An and Jun-xiang Xie A Survey on Substitute Teachers Status Quo in the West Rural Area of China
   Emily C. Hannum and Jennifer Adams Beyond Cost: Rural Perspectives on Barriers to Education
  Emily C. Hannum, Peggy A. Kong, and Yuping Zhang Family Sources of Educational Gender Inequality in Rural China: A Critical Assessment
  Xuehui An, Emily C. Hannum, and Tanja Sargent Teaching Quality and Student Outcomes: Academic Achievement and Educational Engagement in Rural Northwest China
  Jennifer Adams and Emily C. Hannum Girls in Gansu, China: Expectations and aspirations for secondary schooling
2007 Emily Hannum and Peggy Kong Educational Resources and Impediments in Rural Gansu, China
  Adam Wagstaff and Shengchao Yu Do health sector reforms have their intended impacts?: The World Bank's Health VIII project in Gansu province, China
  Shengchao Yu and Emily C. Hannum Food for Thought: Poverty, Family Nutritional Environment, and Children's Educational Performance in Rural China
  Yuping Zhang, Grace Kao, and Emily C. Hannum Do Mothers in Rural China Practice Gender Equality in Educational Aspirations for Their Children?
2006 Jennifer H. Adams Community Matters in China
  Philip H. Brown Parental Education and Investment in Children’s Human Capital in Rural China
  Shengchao Yu and Emily C. Hannum Poverty, Health and Schooling in China
2005 Adam Wagstaff and Magnus Lindelow Can insurance increase financial risk ? The curious case of health insurance in China
  Tanja Sargent and Emily Hannum Keeping Teachers Happy: Job Satisfaction among Primary School Teachers in Rural Northwest China

 

Dissertations

https://repository.upenn.edu/gansu_dissertations/

Year Author Title
2012 Shi, Xinzheng Does an intra-household flypaper effect exist? Evidence from the educational fee reduction reform in rural China
2010 Meng Zhao Essays on Health, Education, and Behavioral Choices
  Naureen Karachiwalla Promotion Incentives and Teacher Effort in China
2009 Joyce Meng Aspirations and Schooling: Analysis of the formation and intra-household impact of educational aspirations in rural China
2008 P. Kong "Old man moves a mountain": Rural parents' involvement in their children's schooling
2007 Yuping Zhang Relationships and children's schooling in rural northwest China: Teachers', mothers', and children's perspectives
2006 Tanja Carmel Sargent Institutionalizing educational ideologies: Curriculum reform and the transformation of teaching practices in rural China
2005 Jennifer H. Adams Local advantage: Community resources, teacher attributes, and student mathematics achievement in rural northwest China
2003 Xiaodong Liu Parenting practices and the psychological adjustment of children in rural China
  Philip H. Brown Poverty, education, and intrahousehold bargaining: Evidence from China